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使用esp32-Arduino+PubSubClient+mqtt 上传数据到中移动OneNet

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  • TA的每日心情
    奋斗
    2018-11-16 21:49
  • 签到天数: 5 天

    [LV.2]偶尔看看I

    发表于 2018-10-20 20:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    使用esp32-doit-dev-v1开发板,测试mqtt协议, 发布(publish)到onenet 平台。
    注意:
    1.使用的mqtt arduino 客户端是 pubsubclient 库。其默认是ESP8266, 所以例子例包换文件“Wifi8266.h”,可以改为"Wifi.h"就可以。
    2.关键是按照mqtt的onenet文档,编制payload数据包。其具体格式有多种类型。调试的是最简单的type3, json数据2 形式。

    kittenblock中小学创客名师推荐的图形化编程软件

    
    /*
     Basic ESP8266 MQTT example
    
     This sketch demonstrates the capabilities of the pubsub library in combination
     with the ESP8266 board/library.
    
     It connects to an MQTT server then:
      - publishes "hello world" to the topic "outTopic" every two seconds
      - subscribes to the topic "inTopic", printing out any messages
        it receives. NB - it assumes the received payloads are strings not binary
      - If the first character of the topic "inTopic" is an 1, switch ON the ESP Led,
        else switch it off
    
     It will reconnect to the server if the connection is lost using a blocking
     reconnect function. See the 'mqtt_reconnect_nonblocking' example for how to
     achieve the same result without blocking the main loop.
    
     To install the ESP8266 board, (using Arduino 1.6.4+):
      - Add the following 3rd party board manager under "File -> Preferences -> Additional Boards Manager URLs":
           http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json
      - Open the "Tools -> Board -> Board Manager" and click install for the ESP8266"
      - Select your ESP8266 in "Tools -> Board"
    
    */
    //改为<WiFi.h>
    #include <WiFi.h>
    #include <PubSubClient.h>
    #include <ArduinoJson.h>
    
    //#define BUILTIN_LED 2
    
    // Update these with values suitable for your network.
    
    const char* ssid = "热点ssid";
    const char* password = "连接密码";
    const char* mqtt_server = "183.230.40.39";
    
    WiFiClient espClient;
    PubSubClient client(espClient);
    long lastMsg = 0;
    char msg_buf[200];
    int value = 0;  //
    //char one_type3_header[] = {'0x03','0x00','0x46'};
    char dataTemplete[]="{"temperature":25.5,"time":%d}";
    char msgJson[75];
    char debug_buf[200];
    int i;
    unsigned short json_len=0;
    uint8_t* packet_p;
    uint8_t debug_buffer_start_index = 0;
    
    
    void setup_wifi() {
    
      delay(10);
      // We start by connecting to a WiFi network
      Serial.println();
      Serial.print("Connecting to ");
      Serial.println(ssid);
    
      WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
    
      while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
        delay(500);
        Serial.print(".");
      }
    
      randomSeed(micros());
    
      Serial.println("");
      Serial.println("WiFi connected");
      Serial.println("IP address: ");
      Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
    }
    
    void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) {
      Serial.print("Message arrived [");
      Serial.print(topic);
      Serial.print("] ");
      for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
        Serial.print((char)payload);
      }
      Serial.println();
    
      // Switch on the LED if an 1 was received as first character
      if ((char)payload[0] == '1') {
        digitalWrite(BUILTIN_LED, LOW);   // Turn the LED on (Note that LOW is the voltage level
        // but actually the LED is on; this is because
        // it is active low on the ESP-01)
      } else {
        digitalWrite(BUILTIN_LED, HIGH);  // Turn the LED off by making the voltage HIGH
      }
    
    }
    
    void reconnect() {
      // Loop until we're reconnected
      while (!client.connected()) {
        Serial.print("Attempting MQTT connection...");
        // Create a random client ID
        //String clientId = "设备_id";
        //clientId += String(random(0xffff), HEX);
        // Attempt to connect
        if (client.connect("设备id","产品_id","API_key")) {  //One net user name as product ID , and password as APIKey
          Serial.println("connected");
          // Once connected, publish an announcement...
          client.publish("outTopic", "hello world");
          // ... and resubscribe
          client.subscribe("inTopic");
        } else {
          Serial.print("failed, rc=");
          Serial.print(client.state());
          Serial.println(" try again in 5 seconds");
          // Wait 5 seconds before retrying
          delay(5000);
        }
      }
    }
    
    void setup() {
      pinMode(BUILTIN_LED, OUTPUT);     // Initialize the BUILTIN_LED pin as an output, where do it esp32 get gpio2 as led
      Serial.begin(115200);
      setup_wifi();
      client.setServer(mqtt_server, 6002);  //not 1883 , one net use the port of 6002 as mqtt server
      client.connect("设备Id","产品id","API_key");
      client.setCallback(callback);
    }
    
    void loop() {
    
      if (!client.connected()) {
        reconnect();
      }
      client.loop();
    
      long now = millis();
      if (now - lastMsg > 2000) {
        lastMsg = now;
        ++value;
        //snprintf (msgJson, 75, "hello world #%ld", value);
        snprintf(msgJson,40,dataTemplete,22);
        json_len=strlen(msgJson); //packet length count the end char '\0'
        msg_buf[0]=char(0x03);  //palyLoad packet byte 1, one_net mqtt Publish packet payload byte 1, type3 , json type2 
        msg_buf[1]=char(json_len>>8);  //high 8 bits of json_len (16bits as short int type)
        msg_buf[2]=char(json_len&0xff); //low 8 bits of json_len (16bits as short int type)
       // snprintf(msg_buf+3,40,dataTemplete,value);
      
       memcpy(msg_buf+3,msgJson,strlen(msgJson));
       msg_buf[3+strlen(msgJson)] = 0;
        Serial.print("Publish message: ");
        Serial.println(msgJson);
        client.publish("$dp",msg_buf,3+strlen(msgJson),false); // msg_buf as payload length which may have a "0x00"byte
        
        //debug one_net packet
        packet_p = client.getBufferPointer();
        for(i = 0 ; i< 200;i++)
        {
         //sprintf(debug_buf,"0x%02x ",msg_buf);
         sprintf(debug_buf,"0x%02x ",packet_p);
         Serial.print(debug_buf);
        }
        Serial.println();
        for(i = 0 ; i< 200;i++)
        {
         sprintf(debug_buf,"0x%02x ",msg_buf);
         //sprintf(debug_buf,"0x%02x ",packet_p);
         Serial.print(debug_buf);
        }
        Serial.println();
        debug_buffer_start_index=client.getDebugVar();
        Serial.println(debug_buffer_start_index);
      }
    }


    附带略有修改publish方法的PubSubClient 库文件。
    pubsubclient-xiaohezyd.zip (38.3 KB, 下载次数: 90)
  • TA的每日心情

    2019-2-26 21:15
  • 签到天数: 66 天

    [LV.6]常住居民II

    发表于 2019-2-15 22:00 | 显示全部楼层
    //debug one_net packet 后面是做什么用的?
  • TA的每日心情
    奋斗
    2018-11-16 21:49
  • 签到天数: 5 天

    [LV.2]偶尔看看I

     楼主| 发表于 2019-4-14 21:36 | 显示全部楼层
    997497869 发表于 2019-2-15 22:00
    //debug one_net packet 后面是做什么用的?

    用来测试发送到onenet 的数据包的内容

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 2019-5-11 10:10 | 显示全部楼层
    请问你的会在keep alive时间到期后断开mqtt然后进行重连吗?     按理说应该连上以后 会一直保持在线状态的。

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 2019-8-2 11:43 | 显示全部楼层
    请教个问题,我也是用PubSubClient+ESP8266WiFi 然后烧录选择esp8266板烧录的。向onenet传固定数据没问题。但是我想从arduino的A0口取数据,始终获取不到A0口的数据了。想了想如果我要获取A0的数据烧录就得选arduino uno的烧录模式吧。这个得怎么办啊?
  • TA的每日心情
    奋斗
    2018-11-16 21:49
  • 签到天数: 5 天

    [LV.2]偶尔看看I

     楼主| 发表于 2019-9-25 21:28 | 显示全部楼层
    玉貔貅 发表于 2019-8-2 11:43
    请教个问题,我也是用PubSubClient+ESP8266WiFi 然后烧录选择esp8266板烧录的。向onenet传固定数据没问题。 ...

    这个我对esp8266A0口没有具体使用过。希望你通过测试,问题时在哪里。
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